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An Introduction to Slovenian Cuisine

An Introduction to Slovenian Cuisine

slovenian cuisine

Slovenian cuisine (slovenska kuhinja) is very diverse thanks to its small size, but varied landscape and history. Thanks to its neighbors, common dishes found in a Slovene home can range from strudel (Austria), goulash (Hungary), burek (Balkans), and pasta (Italy). But let’s not forget that Slovenia has its own cuisine, which is quite delicious, and it is establishing its place in the international food scene.

The most famous of these recognitions is from Ana Roš from Hiša Franko (rated the 48th best restaurant in the world). In 2017 she was named world’s best female chef and has been featured on Netflix’s Chef’s Table. What I find so compelling about this, other than bragging rights, is that she works with local recipes and ingredients. She is literally putting Slovenian cuisine on the map.

International Institute of Gastronomy, Culture, Arts, and Tourism recently awarded Slovenia as a European Region of Gastronomy for 2021. Even BBC Good Food ranked Ljubljana as #3 in their list of Top 10 Destinations for Foodies 2019. Yes, you can book your flights now!

There are 23 gastronomic regions – for a country that is smaller than the state of New Jersey this is so impressive – and good news for me and you.

READ
6 Delicious Lunch Spots in Ljubljana

What does a typical Slovenian meal look like?

If you go to someone’s home for nedeljsko kosilo (Sunday Lunch), which is taken quite seriously, you will be served first a soup, either gobova juha (mushroom soup) or goveja juha (beef soup). Picking mushrooms is almost a sport here so it is possible, depending on the time of the year, to have handpicked fresh mushrooms! If you go with the beef soup it is a very light soup, with an almost clear broth and egg noodles.


goveja juha, beef soup traditional slovenian foodgobova juha, mushroom soup traditional slovenian food
Then you will be served the main dish which is composed of some meat and potatoes in various combinations. The meat is usually some sort of zrezek (steak) but this word is used for any cut of meat, not just beef. Also, it is common to get breaded meats (chicken, turkey, or pork).

If you come to Slovenia then you must try pražen krompir. They translate literally to roasted potatoes but they are not. The potatoes are boiled, then peeled, then sautéed with onions and you end up with this semi-mashed, semi-sautéed potatoes that are so delicious.

traditional slovenian meal with steaks, prazen krompir, and salad

You will also usually have a side salad with lettuce and cabbage with vinegar dressing. In restaurants, you can also find beans and other veggies in it. And the meal will be finished off with something sweet and coffee.

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Traditional Slovenian Dishes

If you come to Slovenia and would like to try some of the true Slovenian dishes here are a few that I would recommend.

Kranjska klobasa, ričet, struklji, slovenian traditional foods

MAIN DISHES

Idrija Žlikrofi

One of the most popular Slovene dishes is potato-filled dumplings. It is the first Slovenian dish awarded protected geographical status. It can be served as a side or as the main dish. If you have it in Idrija try it with bakalca, a stew made from mutton and vegetables.

Štruklji

Made of dough and different fillings (often cheese) that have been rolled up and cut into slices. It can be boiled, baked, or fried. You can have them savory or sweet and there are some different variations around Slovenia. I highly recommend going to Velika Planina, not only because I think it is one of the most special places in the world, but because the ričet and štruklji are SO. GOOD.

Kranjska Klobasa

Also known as Carniolan sausage in English. It is granted protected geographic indication. It must contain 75-80% pork, at most 20% bacon, water, sea salt from Sečovlje salt pans, garlic, and pepper and prepared a very specific way. Order this with some pražen krompir and thank me later. It is a quintessential Slovenian dish loved by many who try it.

Krvavica

While krvavica does not originate from Slovenia you will occasionally find this dish on the menu, especially around All Saints Day (November 1st). Krvavica is blood sausage or black pudding. Traditionally it was made after a yearly pig slaughter called koline that still happens in parts of Slovenia. The most common type is buckwheat but there are variations in different regions. Personally, I am not a fan of black pudding but krvavica is worth a try because it is unlike anything I’ve had before and delicious.

A plate with slovenian cuisine

SIDE DISHES

Pražen krompir

As mentioned above, pražen krompir are potatoes that have been boiled, peeled, and sauteed with some onions. This dish is a Slovenian staple and loved so much that there is even a society for pražen krompir and a yearly festival. The first documentation appeared in the first copywritten cookbook in Slovenia in 1868!

Ajdovi žganci

Ajda is buckwheat, žganci is well..žganci, haha. Google Translate insists it means porridge but that is a poor interpretation. Wikipedia shares that it comes from the Slovenian verb žgati, which means to burn, or toast. There are various forms of žganci, and you can find others in parts of Italy and Croatia, but ajdovi žganci is a national Slovenian dish. Made from buckwheat flour, water, salt, oil, and cracking.

Matevž

Matevž is a side dish made with pureed beans and potatoes mixed with pork cracklings. Think of it as very dense mashed potatoes without milk or butter. It originates from Dolenjska and it is common to find sauerkraut served with it.

Regratova solata

Regratova solata is dandelion salad that is typically served in the springtime. Typically it is prepared fresh; dandelion greens are picked early when the leaves are more tender and bitter. The salad is served with greens, potatoes, egg, and bacon or cracklings.

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SOUPS

Jota

Also sometimes referred to as Istrian Stew you can find it in this region which also includes Italy and Croatia. People always think I am weird for loving this dish. It is a sour soup made with beans, sauerkraut, potatoes, bacon or sausage, and garlic.

Ričet

Ričet is another one of those dishes shared by a wider region include Croatia, Austria, and Germany), but I think there are variations between them. It is a thick soup with barley, beans, potatoes, carrots, celery, onions, garlic, and some cured pork. It is the perfect dish on a cold day or after a long hike.

Čemaž

This soup is made with wild garlic and while it is not exclusively a Slovenian dish, it can be found across Europe. It is a very popular dish that you can find at traditional restaurants especially when wild garlic is in season. I tried my very first taste with Ljubljananjam and it quickly became my favorite soup.

DESSERTS AND SWEETS

Potica

This is the first thing everyone asks me if I have tried while living in Slovenia. It seems everyone has a love/hate relationship with this nut roll pastry. They are so proud to call it theirs. When the holidays roll around you eat so many pieces you can’t even think about it for another year. It is made with a sweet dough, filled with ground nuts and honey, and rolled into a log. Although it can be found in different shapes.

Read more: My mother-in-law teaches me how to make potica for Easter!

Kremna Rezina

If you plan on visiting Bled then you will most certainly come across kremna rezina, also called kremšnita. It has been served at Hotel Park since 1953 and is now a Slovenian staple. Made with layers of custard, cream, and puff pastry with powdered sugar on top.

Krof

Krofi are the official dessert of Pust in Slovenia. They are big fluffy pastries, similar to a donut, filled with marmalade or chocolate. Take it from me, always eat them fresh! The best krofi are said to be found in a town called Trojane

Prekmurska gibanica

Also awarded protected geographical status in Europe, Prekmurksa gibanica is a layered pastry that is more like a cake because of its sheer size. Gibanica has poppy seeds, apples, raisins, walnuts, and quark filling and is just all-around delicious. This is my favorite dessert from Slovenia (sorry kremšnita). Gibanica comes from Prekmurje the eastern-most region of Slovenia.

Prekmurska gibanica

Planning to visit Slovenia?

These articles will help you plan your trip!

Try these if you are looking for food adventures

More to come for Foodie Fridays!

I find the variation of cuisines and learning about their history to be incredibly interesting. You can learn so much about a culture just from the food so that is why I am introducing Foodie Friday/Wandering Eats to my line up of articles. I am excited to dive into a lot of the things I’ve learned or tried and share them with all of you, as well as explore what else Europe has to offer.

I’m looking for people who want to share their food stories with me for upcoming articles. Send an email to wanderinghelene@gmail.com to be featured in an upcoming post. Thank you again as always for taking the time to read Wandering Helene and follow me on Instagram and Twitter for daily updates! -Helene

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